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What is Cortisol and why is it so important for my health?

Cortisol is a steroid hormone, specifically a glucocorticoid, produced by the fascicular layer of the adrenal cortex. It is released in response to stress and low levels of glucocorticoids in the blood.

Some of the key functions of cortisol include::

  • Balances blood sugar levels in the body.

  • Controls weight: Assists in the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

  • Interacts with the immune system (viruses, bacteria).

  • Reduces inflammation and pain.

  • Regulates sleep through the circadian rhythm.

  • Affects other glands: Pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, and sexual glands.

  • Participates in fluid retention through sodium absorption.

One of the complications of having elevated cortisol hormone levels is that it literally breaks down muscles to convert them into glucose, as our body needs a source of energy to function.

However, this can lead to weakened knees and the destruction of bone tissues, which can result in osteoporosis. Clothes may feel tight only around the waist, as we may experience high glucose levels, which translates into fat accumulation.

The body is fighting and will seek to ensure its survival, so it will start accumulating fat around organs and in the face. Sometimes, we fail to determine why we can't lose weight or why we always feel tired or depressed, so we always recommend conducting a comprehensive evaluation of all the hormones in your body before starting any treatment.

If you have any questions or wish to schedule an appointment, you can email us at

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